Archive for ‘Digital’

Digital Divide and Digital Literacy as White Property–my ideas

By js, 4 July, 2008, No Comment

Pendergast argues that literacy has been constructed as white property

That means that

  • access to literacy for non-whites is limited
  • x
  • y
  • z

Does this also occur with the concept of digital literacy?

there is alot of discussion about the access to digital technologies which affects the learning of that type of literacy

  • but even access to the technology itself does not guarantee access to the literacy skills needed to be smart consumers and producers

Alot of the research done about minorities and access to technology is driven by their marketshare; that means by how much money they can spend; if alot of advertisements are moving onto the digital realm then that target consumer population needs to be reached; this is so that the companies selling can reach their buyers; this means that the type of research which is being done is geared for the businesses and for the type of strategies they should be using to get their market share; of course, they may not have alot of control; for example, ATT may not be willing to spend to get fiberoptic cable to communities which cannot pay for the services; but businesses want to lobby ATT to provide the cable to they can push their advertisement to those so that population can access the ads; so the companies will make deals with ATT to get that population (unless of course the population doens’t have alot of money and wouldn’t be able to buy the services in the first place); these people are interested int he consumer and not necessarily making the population become the producer

which may be one of the reasons why digital TV is being pushed so hard; everyone gets TV, even the poorest households

Other research has to do with technology and education; how does the technology access affect the access to education; in a sense this is digital literacy

if the people do not have access to the technology and to the web, then they will be at a disadvantage to many of the services which are provided online; so many of the support services; the additional instruction; the just in time help for the learning tohappen is not happening; they cannot get online for that

many teachers are beginning to design the course with the expectation that the students do have access; that is not necessarily the case; so that makes the student be at a disadvantage

so the digital technology; access to the web becomes property which is linked with literacy; just as having books is property which is linked to literacy; having the books makes kids become better readers; having access to the web makes kids better consumers/producers of text; in essence, makes them more literate

so even though the research and the political climate has pushed to get technology in schools, who is getting the technology and the type of technology they are getting, the way in which the technology is being put to use is all part of the literacy as white property; who gets to be a consumer, who gets to be a producer; what type of consumer one becomes, etc.

one is more empowered and can ultimately take control and the other is always at a disadvantage

WHAT DOES THIS MEAN IN THE LONG RUN?

this can affect policy decisions

this can affect pedagogical decisions

this can affect funding decisions

this can affect research agendas

WHAT CAN I LOOK AT FOR MY STUDY?

studies and their designs

studies and their findings

policy decisions

how technology is implemented in schools

discourse of distance education

WE MUST GO BEYOND THE ISSUE OF ACCESS to what our concern for access tells us; and what that focus may be blinding us to

Study says many dial-up users don’t want broadband

By js, 4 July, 2008, No Comment

http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20080703/ap_on_hi_te/ tec_broadband_study;_ylt=Aoo0WCIqw7gTyTX_5jgRr.QjtBAF

Study says many dial-up users don’t want broadband

By ANICK JESDANUN, AP Internet Writer Thu Jul 3, 1:34 AM ET

NEW YORK – A new study suggests that attitude rather than availability may be the key reason why more Americans don’t have high-speed Internet access.

The findings from the Pew Internet and American Life Project challenge the argument that broadband providers need to more aggressively roll out supply to meet demand.

Only 14 percent of dial-up users say they’re stuck with the older, slower connection technology because they can’t get broadband in their neighborhoods, Pew reported Wednesday.

Thirty-five percent say they’re still on dial-up because broadband prices are too high, while another 19 percent say nothing would persuade them to upgrade. The remainder have other reasons or do not know.

“That suggests that solving the supply problem where there are availability gaps is only going to go so far,” said John Horrigan, the study’s author. “It’s going to have to be a process of getting people more engaged with information technology and demonstrating to people it’s worth it for them to make the investment of time and money.”

Nonetheless, the Pew study does support concerns that rural Americans have more trouble getting faster Internet connections, which bring greater opportunities to work from home or log into classes at distant universities. Twenty-four percent of rural dial-up users say they would get broadband if it becomes available, compared with 11 percent for suburbanites and 3 percent for city dwellers.

Vint Cerf, one of the Internet’s key inventors and an advocate for the idea that the government should be more active in expanding broadband, suspects that many more dial-up users would be interested in going high-speed if they had a better idea of what they’re missing. He pointed out that broadband access is available from only one provider in many areas, keeping prices high and speeds low.

“Some residential users may not see a need for higher speeds because they don’t know about or don’t have ability to use high speeds,” Cerf said. “My enthusiasm for video conferencing improved dramatically when all family members had MacBook Pros with built-in video cameras, for example.”

Overall, Pew found that 55 percent of American adults now have broadband access at home, up from 47 percent a year earlier and 42 percent in March 2007. By contrast, only 10 percent of Americans now have dial-up access.

Despite the increase in overall broadband adoption, though, growth has been flat among blacks and poorer Americans.

Of the Americans with no Internet access at all, about a third say they have no interest in logging on, even at dial-up speeds. Nearly 20 percent of nonusers had access in the past but dropped it. Older and lower-income Americans are most likely to be offline.

Pew’s telephone study of 2,251 U.S. adults, including 1,553 Internet users, was conducted April 8 to May 11 and has a margin of sampling error of plus or minus 2 percentage points. The error margins for subgroups are higher — plus or minus 7 percentage points for the dial-up sample.

Home Broadband Adoption 2008

By js, 4 July, 2008, No Comment

Home Broadband Adoption 2008

Adoption Stalls For Low-Income Americans Even As Many Broadband Users Opt For Premium Services

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Summary

Some 55% of adult Americans now have broadband internet connections at home, up from 47% who had high-speed access at home last year at this time. From the March 2006 to March 2007 timeframe, home broadband adoption grew from 42% of Americans to 47%.

http://pewresearch.org/pubs/888/home-broadband-adoption-2008

full reportTechnology & Media Use

Home Broadband 2008: Adoption Stalls for low-income Americans even as many broadband users opt for premium services that give them more speed

7/2/2008 | MemoReport | John Horrigan

Some 55% of all adult Americans now have a high-speed internet connection at home. The percentage of Americans with broadband at home has grown from 47% in early 2007. Poorer Americans saw no growth in broadband adoption in the past year while at the same time nearly one-third of broadband users pay more to get faster connections.

View PDF of Report
View PDF of Questionnaire

What Digital Divide?

By js, 4 July, 2008, No Comment

Here is an article http://www.thejournal.com/articles/22818_2 which discusses the lesseinging of the digital divide in the Midwest.

Is the divide different for different areas of the country?

How does the funding agency affect the results of the study?

How does the political climate (and endemic racism of the area) affect the way the study is conducted and the way the results are reported?

The article itself is hinting at the possible bias in the reporting of the results.

“For some interesting (and somewhat disturbing) results measuring outcomes among underprivileged students with access to technology, see our report on a separate study from University of Chicago and Columbia University: Are Underprivileged Students Better Off Without Computers?”

more information here http://www1.umn.edu/urelate/newsservice/Multimedia_Videos/social_network…

Digital Divide? What Digital Divide? http://www.thejournal.com/articles/22818

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Students in low-income families may have more access to technology than previously thought. What’s more, according to preliminary research coming out of the University of Minnesota, these students are using technology consistently to boost their 21st century skills–even if many of them aren’t aware that they’re of the educational value of their activities online.

Internet Access and Usage
The new study, led by U Minnesota’s Christine Greenhow, learning technologies researcher in the College of Education and Human Development, focused on 600 lower-income students, their access to the Internet, the frequency of their Internet usage, and their online social networking activities. What it found was that a full 94 percent of them used the Internet, with 82 percent of them using the Internet from home. Seventy-six percent reported having a desktop computer, and 30 percent reported having a laptop computer at home.”

Study Latino Online Use June 2008 California

By js, 4 July, 2008, No Comment

Just found this one particular study which contradicts many other studies which are saying that Latino use is increasing and the digital divide is lessening.

March 9 Beyond Anonymity

By js, 9 March, 2008, No Comment

The parallels between the problem with identity, which has
been identified in cultural studies, and the problem with anonymity, which
has been identified here – that both are too fixed to recognize the
fragmentation, temporality and contingency of the experiencing subject – suggest that, like cultural studies, internet identity research could benefit
from considering whether there are other conceptual tools which could be
effectively mobilized more, which acknowledge, for example, the distinction
between being and feeling in internet identities, concepts like identification,
affect, ‘as-if ’ and becoming.

While some academics have identified that terms such as ‘anonymity’ are
too simplistic for understanding internet identities (for example, Åkesson,
2001; Baym, 1998) and others have stressed the importance of looking at
contexts (for example, Hine, 2001; Kendall, 1999), very few internet
identity researchers have engaged with contemporary cultural studies debates
about identity. Even fewer have brought all three together, and I propose
that this is what is needed now – for future research to move beyond
anonymity, look at contexts and engage with and learn from the theoretical work that is taking place within cultural studies.

such as affect, identification, nomadic practice,
‘as-if ’ and becoming, might open up new insights and allow for new
conceptual developments within internet identity research in particular, and
new media research in general.

The first is to reflect on how research is conceived and whether
identity remains a useful and illuminating starting point for new media
research. The second is to reflect on the way that empirical material is
analysed and consider whether the alternative notions identified here
provide new methodological and analytical tools, as well as conceptual ones.

March 9 Migrant Digital Stories

By js, 9 March, 2008, No Comment

Migrant students can use media
–to empower themselves
–to demonstrate how their new identities are a hybrid of old and new
–reflect their cultural (new and old culture) gender norms